How Does A Sim Card Work On Mobile Phones?

You most likely use your SIM card every day. Yet, if someone asked you how it works you’d have a hard time explaining it. If you’re curious to find out how SIM cards work, read on below as we explore why then is tiny card is so important the mobile phone users.

What is a SIM card?

Modern-day mobile phones come in two main varieties, namely Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) and Global System for Mobile (GSM). While CDMA phones don’t require a SIM card, GSM models do, and they happen to be the more popular of the two options.

Basically, a SIM card is a tiny card that’s placed on the back of a GSM smartphone and the word SIM stands for Subscriber Identity Module.

How does a SIM card work?

A SIM card contains a smaller chip that works as its micro controller. It’s made from silicone and plated with gold or other metals to help it keep in contact with the phone. The chip contains a processor, memory and security circuits. Your mobile device reads the chip when you stick the SIM in it. It contains the operating system for the card and stores important information like SMS messages and phone numbers.

All messages from your phone to the network are in a secret code. The key to encrypt and decrypt messages is stored in the SIM card. This provides communication privacy.

The SIM card chip also stores specific data such as the name of your service provider, your card’s unique serial number, your PUK code, last dialed numbers and your PIN code.

Your SIM card is also where the International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) and its authentication key are kept. This key is provided by your carrier and it connects your phone number with your device. This means that when someone dials your number, the call will go the exact phone that you have.

The process of activating a SIM card

Once inserted, your SIM card follows an authentication process which is as follows:

–           First you start up your phone so that it can acquire the IMSI from the SIM card. This information is then sent directly to the network.

–           The network searches for the IMSI’s authentication key from within its own database.

–           The network generates a new phone number based on the authentication key.

–           Your SIM card is legitimized and you can now enjoy your phone and use it to its capacity.

Once you’ve activated a prepaid SIM card, it’s pretty easy to transfer it to another phone when you decide to switch phones. It’s worth noting that every SIM card comes with a unique identifier known as the Integrated Circuit Card Identifier (ICCID).

The ICCID is literally engraved onto the SIM card and it comprises three numbers. There’s an identifying number for your unique account, an identifying digit for the SIM card provider and a parity number which is a combination of the two other numbers.

Most SIM cards come with a storage capacity of 32KB to 128KB. If you want to transfer data such as SMS messages from one phone to another, then you must remove the SIM card and insert it into the phone that you want to transfer data to. 

What about locked SIM cards?

When most of us come across a locked phone we assume that the SIM card is the cause of it. But, it’s usually the phone that’s locked and not the SIM card itself.

GSM carriers have the ability to create software that effectively locks in a particular network into the phone to the exclusion of any other network. This means the phone can only work if it’s used with a matching SIM card.

If you want a locked phone to access SIM cards from different networks, you have to unlock it, but that’s a whole other article.

Pre-paid SIM cards

Prepaid SIM cards operate according to a pay-as-you-go system which is different from a recurring contract or subscription plan. Pre-paid SIM cards are cheaper than the latter and they’re useful for anyone that wants to avoid roaming charges when traveling overseas.

What is an eSIM?

As SIM card technology continues to evolve, the industry is now moving towards the eSIM, a type of SIM card that’s built-in to the phone. The eSIM is remotely activated by the service provider which means you don’t have to manually insert it into your phone.

Some phone companies already use eSIM cards as part of a dual-SIM setup.  But, this option is only available from a few providers and it’s going to take a while before it becomes standard.

Conclusion

While it’s possible to use your phone without a SIM card, you can’t make phone calls or send text messages without it. In fact, a smartphone device without a SIM card is like a human without a brain. We hope this article has helped you understand how SIM cards work so you can get the most out of them.

Steps Freelancers Should Take To Set Up Their Own Business

In today’s hectic schedules people find it tough to maintain a perfect working job and look for easier alternatives. Setting up a freelancing business is a step that most such people take so that they get the flexibility of working at their own pace. However, doing so requires a lot of effort and patience in the initial years and here we share with you steps that freelancers should take to set up their own business.

Define the Goals 

First and foremost you need to find out what goals you want to achieve by setting up this business. Is it that you want to make money or you are just starting the business to a network? Whatever kind of goal-long term or short term you have to take care that you are clear enough about it. You would also need to find what niche you want to make your career in. Are you interested in writing, designing or software development? The choice of the stream would pave the way for your prospects.

Invoicing

Obviously, you would not be working for free and the payment needs to be prompt. If you are looking for a long term work then prepare an invoice format that you would want all your clients to fill. The invoice should have all the details of the work you have done along with the payment you should receive. Alongside you may also need to set clear payment terms about the frequency of payment and any late charges that you impose in case of a delay. 

Finding the Right Clients 

Next up you need to find out places where you can find clients which would be profitable for you. Normally there are many job boards that can give you a breakthrough. However, it is not necessary that all the job boards would have trustworthy clients pertaining to your field. You may have to look around and figure out which ones are the best places to invest your energy in. Don’t make the mistake of dabbling into all kinds of industries at one shot. Instead, keep it limited to just 2-3 niches where you feel you can derive the maximum benefit.

Price Setting

Next, you would have to set a particular price for the work you are offering. When such a situation arises you must first find out what the average rate for this kind of service is. If you charge more than what the existing rate is then you should have a solid reason behind doing so. Until you are set perfectly in the business you may have to compromise on your rate but later on, you need to maintain a fixed stand. 

Conclusion

If you are deciding to foray into the freelancing field be prepared for disappointment and successes as well. By following the above tips though you should be able to make good money within a few months of starting. Expect some harsh work in the beginning though things should simplify in a year or two. Keep your horizons opened and set payment terms clear before any deal to avoid any confusion later.

Challenges in Mobile App Testing and their Solution

Mobile application testing is evolving with the rapid development in mobile technology. The device manufacturers are coming up with new features and new operating system versions. All the new features and functions are creating challenges for the testers to perform functional testing and non-functional testing. Let’s have a look at some of the challenges that the testers face while testing an app.     

Context Awareness

Context can influence the operation of an app or its functions with data from its environment. Applications can be in different contexts with different data which creates a problem in the entire testing process. Also, smartphones rely on constantly changing environments and usage patterns that impact the context.

Security Issues

When it comes to testing an app on cloud-based devices, private cloud is much more secure rather than the public cloud. A secure private cloud will have an extra layer of enterprise-level security. Although the public cloud is also safe to use for testing the apps, the better option is to go for private cloud to avoid any high-level data breach.

Operating System versions

OS fragmentation is an issue that worries most of the testers. Apple has launched iOS 13 and that means that the new apps need to be compatible with the currently popular versions including 10, 11, and 12. Although when it comes to Android, the problem is much severe. Android has 29 API levels and at least 9 API levels are still widely used by the users. There is a great percentage of users who still use Android 6. So the testers need to make sure that all the functionalities work fine on all the devices irrespective of the OS version.    

Device Screen Sizes

The mobile device manufacturers are upgrading their screen technology and coming up with larger and better screens. There are devices with different screen sizes like 5, 5.5, 6, 6.3, 6.5 inches, etc. This creates problems for testing as the app should be tested on a variety of devices to be compatible with different screen sizes. Now there are foldable devices in the market which means there is a need to test the app for foldable screens too.    

Parallel Testing

Enterprises are looking to automate most of the testing to increase productivity. Although parallel testing is not practiced in most of the cases. It means that the test scripts are not executed on multiple devices all at once. Users can test a device with an Android operating system, and a device with an iOS running on it at the same time to maximize the test coverage.

Conclusion

It is required to perform mobile testing at a scale to assure quality. Users can connect with tens or hundreds of devices using appropriate tools. It’s better to record the test script and run it on multiple devices using the right automation testing tool. Users can also opt for a performance testing tool to simulate network condition. If required then use a load testing tool to test the functions for performance under difficult conditions. This enables users to expand test coverage.

How to Improve Writing Skills for Your Small Business Productivity

Many people conduct their businesses online. It’s a fast and popular method, which brings many dividends. One of the most important parts of successful business promotion is the content. Every website should be stuffed with proper documents and informative blogs, articles, and other papers. Besides, a website owner is supposed to write emails, reports, reviews and so on. They are necessary when a businessman works with partners, clients, and suppliers. Therefore, properly developed writing skills are of great importance.

Not all people are gifted in writing. The others may have problems with business writing, which is formal, strict, and professional. Such people have to look for some possible solutions. Of course, they have to practice every day and read appropriate literature to become experts. Some of them use online help.

There is an essay writing service which can help to boost the writing productivity of any business platform. The experts write thematic business papers that fully suit the purposes of clients. They are of exceptional quality and unique. All the orders are written on time, private data is secured, and we set fair prices. Feel free to visit a professional essay writing company to find out more details. You will be satisfied with the capabilities, which will bring your business website to the new quality level.

We can also recommend several tips. They are good enough to boost your writing productivity with your own effort. Be attentive and try to use them properly.

Organize Your Thoughts

It’s essential to be always organized and understand what you’re supposed to do. Before you even begin to write, you should identify some important issues. These are as follows:

  • The main message;
  • Effective ways to deliver it;
  • Understanding your audience;
  • When and where to apply;
  • What are possible problems;
  • How to overcome problems, etc.

Keep these points in your mind and organize your thoughts. Thus, you’ll know how to start and what to write about.

Be Concise and Logical

Business papers differ from other pieces. They are not some sort of storytelling. They always get right to the main question of the paper. Therefore, follow this simple but important rule. Don’t write too long sentences, as well as long paragraphs. If you have done so, see how you can divide them into smaller pieces. Short sentences and paragraphs make any text more readable and pleasant to the eye.

Never go astray. Once you have reported the main purpose of your paper, stick to it. Don’t write pointless sentences that don’t affect the topic of your paper. All the explanations and examples must fully suit your topic.

Avoid Unknown Words

Some folks adore playing with words. This habit negatively reflects on their writing. They begin to use too many unknown and overly “wise” words. It is understood that if you write about business, you ought to use certain terms and definitions, which belong to it. Most people may not understand them and so, a good writer explains them. If they are inevitable, provide clear examples and explanations.

However, don’t write too many unfamiliar words. Otherwise, your text will be a real mess of explanations. Cut out jargon, professional terms, slang, and similar words. Use them only when they MUST be used. Other terms can be substituted with common and well-known words.

Use Active Voice

It’s also vital to cut out passive voice to a few sentences per text. Active voice is much better for most papers and business is no exception. Why is it better than passive constructions? Firstly, the active voice makes our speech more dynamic and faster. Secondly, the passive voice takes more words to finish our thoughts.

Compare two plain examples:

  • Passive: The book was read by me.
  • Active: I read the book.

It is easy to see that an active construction took fewer words to finish the sentence. Consequently, it affects the way your text looks like. Your sentences will be shorter, which won’t make them unreadable. Besides, it will be comfortable and quick to read them. Of course, your readers will likewise understand your message better as well. Lengthy texts may take away their concentration and attention.

Be Attentive and Professional

Always give heed to the names, gender, positions, titles and similar essentials. Your documents should be formal and professional. When you turn to other people, make sure you know their full names, ranks, and some responsibilities. If you are precise, people will notice it and will be grateful for your attention.

If you want to engage a person in your writing, use the pronoun “you”. The practice shows that people become more interested in what they read if the author turns to them like “As you can see…”, “You may notice…”, “You are welcome to…”, etc.

State a Clear Call-to-Action

Every business document has a “call-to-action”. It clarifies the main intention of the author. He or she may want to:

  • Advertise;
  • Sell;
  • Buy;
  • Invite;
  • Encourage;
  • Engage, etc.

Regardless of your purpose, this sentence or two should be straight to the point and clear. Use proper language that fits the content of your paper and deliver a plain message of what you expect the readers should do.

Memorize these tips. They are universal and can suit any business direction you choose. Use them wisely and you’ll gradually become a great business report writer. Besides, seek other methods and writing activities to improve the productivity of your business in other aspects.

How to Pick a Motherboard That is Compatible with Ryzen-7

For Ryzen processor choosing the motherboard is easy yet some crucial factors need to be considered while buying. Ryzen ‘s 7th Gen launch was frightening the motherboard industry as people were confused whether the socket, CPU, APU, and the chipset would fit them or not. However, the good news is that there are plenty of motherboards for the Ryzen-7 2700Xprocessor and we must choose the right one. There is a foreseeable future with the Ryzen processor as they unlock various capabilities in PC, starting from USB to graphic cards that you install. Also, the full range of chipset is an additional advantage for the processor to adopt the various features in the PC.

How are Ryzen processors making its way in the motherboard platform?

Ryzen 7th Gen processor has changed the game, especially with desktop computing. They offer an amazing unparalleled mixture of single-core and multi-core performance. It makes the Ryzen’s 3000-Series of CPU, and the ideal choice for the PC to build. It supports various functionalities like 3D Modeling and rendering software, Workstation for Adobe After effects, run as dedicated render notes and video editing for PC. That’s how it becomes the highly tricky choice to make in choosing the CPU and motherboard.

However, here, AM4 Motherboards like X470, B450, X370, A320, and B350 support the 3rd Generation Ryzen. Even Ryzen-9 3900X is supported, making it viable for the various possibilities and can handle any high-end models of CPU. 

Henceforth here are some of the common considerations for buying the right motherboard for Ryzen-7:

Chipset

Your CPU choice will determine the compatible chipset option. If you are using your computer for high-end purposes, then AMD or Intel makes an ideal choice. The high-end chipset is known as Core X in Intel and the Threadripper in AMD chips.  In this case, there is one choice to make for the chipset which will be X299 for the Intel and X399 for AMD. Simultaneously, if you’re using your computer average purposes or simple multipurpose tasks, then you can choose any of the chipsets from Z370 from Intel and X370 or X470 from AMD. In this case, you can install the graphic cat and use it for the small number of multi-drives that does not load the processor like Ryzen.

However, motherboard for Ryzen-7 2700x is compatible with the X570 chipset as they give professional features and functions. The PCI-E 4.0 bandwidth becomes accessible with the NVMe storage for the system. It provides high-speed, and the quality of the functions becomes commendable.

Socket

Choosing a processor socket is one of the essential elements when it comes to compatibility. There are numerous sockets available from the past, but only three of them are applicable for the processors that are trending now. It is namely BGA, LGA, and PGA. The Intel processors support only LGA sockets. PGA and BGA support the AMD processor. These sockets are mostly available as a default setup in the motherboard. They are bonded in most of the cases, and neither you can to buy them individually nor you can upgrade them.

Form factors

The form factor is one of the best ways to choose a motherboard. They include all the specification, general shape, and size of the processor. Also, they have the element for placing the right power supply case. For the AMD Ryzen-7 processor, ATX becomes the right choice. They are integrated form factor which will include the standard location for the mouse, video connectors, keyboard, I/O ports. It has become widely popular and for the reason that the design specifications can be changed later, such as power supply and cases. ATX includes a 20-Pin connector for the power supply. Hence, there is no overlap between the drive bays and motherboard. The integrated I/O port connectors are soldered here in the motherboard. That’s how the ATX become an excellent design for the AMD Ryzen processors.

Difference between AMD and Intel motherboards

AMD and Intel are always competing in the field of the motherboard. They always come out with the next best thing and stay ahead with each other. Both of the products are closely related, and there are only minor differences. However, AMD motherboard would work only on the processor of AMD, and similarly, Intel Motherboards work only with Intel Processor. It leaves those to the direct sale of processors as it corresponds to what the consumer preferences when it comes to the motherboard. Also, socket becomes the most critical difference among them all. For example, the motherboards with LGA are suitable only for Intel, and AM sockets are for the AMD motherboards.

When you compare them on general standards, AMD processors seem to be affordable than the Intel processor. Those who have the budget choice they probably choose AMD over Intel as there is only a thin line of difference between them.

Conclusion

These are some of the essential elements that you must know while you pick the motherboard for Ryzen 7 2700x processor. You can also check for the comparison of the performance, functionality, compatibility, and extensions before you purchase the right one. However, make sure you do proper research and know your needs before finalizing your decision. Otherwise, you may end up buying a wrong motherboard that won’t be able to fulfill your needs. For more information, explore the internet.

10 Time Management Tips for Entrepreneurs

Time, one of the most valuable resources for busy entrepreneurs, should be valued above anything else. Yet, entrepreneurs are expected to strategize the marketing campaigns, plan their budgets, set meetings, and engage in active networking all the time.

But how to find enough time for all those facilities? In fact, time management tips, as suggested by pro essay writers from Essay Shark, might assist entrepreneurs in managing the resources properly. This is extremely applicable even when it comes to time management, a truly scarce resource in modern business realities. So, let’s review the most accurate time management tips for entrepreneurs, which would save you some time in the intense realities of entrepreneurship.

1. Scheduling

Keeping in mind all those countless tasks and responsibilities that should be handled daily, entrepreneurs shouldn’t rely too much on the memory. Even if entrepreneurs are masterminds of the contemporary world, it’s somewhat common to forget or misremember important details. So, using a scheduling platform of some sort, such as Google Calendar or any other cross-platform application is a must. Basically, if you comply with the regular addition of events and tasks to your schedule, your productivity and KPI would enhance accordingly.

2. Prioritization

This specific rule is extremely applicable to the vast majority of entrepreneurs, who are obsessed with an immeasurable flow of tasks regularly. Only by prioritizing, entrepreneurs might omit distractions and burnout. The prioritization best represents its validity in terms of putting the most important tasks first. One of the most viable tools is the so-called prioritization and delegation matrix, which might become your roadmap. By doing so, even the busiest entrepreneurs might ease their daily workflow by not being distracted that frequently.

3. Pareto Principle

            If you’re a genuine entrepreneur, don’t you dare forget about the Pareto Principle. Basically, this rule, which is also known as 80-20 rule, states that 20 percent of all work is responsible for 80 percent of all results. Once you secure yourself on a top management position, the application of prioritization, delegation, and Pareto rule might boost your time management skills as well as the overall success of the team. In the modern world of technologies and mobile appreciation among business entrepreneurs, you might even download some specialized Pareto mobile apps. With their use, you’d emphasize planning over the mere allocation of duties and tasks.

4. Start your Day Earlier

            When it comes to a daily schedule of entrepreneurs, each minute matters. Although daily scheduling is usually one’s responsibility, starting a day earlier might be a panacea for busy weekdays. With some extra time early, entrepreneurs are most likely to boost their daily performance. Despite the fact that this rule is applicable only to some entrepreneurs, meaning that it’s not universal, business people should facilitate this habit to accomplish genuinely outstanding performance results

5. Long-Term Roadmap

   Another valid option for time management is a deployment of healthy alternatives to ordinary to-do lists. By creating a meaningful long-term roadmap, any entrepreneur is capable of measuring the empirical progress with abstract objectives. Even if you’re working within a small team of five people, the presence of a long-term roadmap is a determinant of your management skills and functionality of yourself as an entrepreneur. Regardless of what measurement techniques you apply, be sure to measure your KPIs and compliance with predetermined aims and objectives.

6. Give Yourself Some Rest

            Yeah, you read it right. Time management should not be misinterpreted as a framework for fast burnouts and uninterrupted work for twelve hours daily. But how really a break might be potent in terms of time management of entrepreneurs? The answer to this question is somewhat simple. By taking a couple of breaks during your working day, you’re most likely to return to work being more focused and energetic. Although you might perceive ten-hour brainstorming marathons as something useful for your business, we commonly advise not to get lost in the middle of that process because of no rest.

7. Filter

   If your entrepreneurial tasks are focused on the web presence, you’re most likely to know how distraction works. Messages on the social media services, updates on LinkedIn, and new blog posts from the competitors wouldn’t make your day more productive. If you’re required to spend some time in front of your desktop or laptop, don’t forget about filtering the quality and quantity of the displayed web content. Sometimes, the best decision is to close all the tabs and switch off all notifications and just stay focused on the task. It wouldn’t be a big of a surprise to tell that this tip will have noticeable implications on your daily schedule

8. Avoid Multitasking

            One of the most harmful habits of busiest entrepreneurs is multitasking. In the modern business climate, it’s naturally believed that multitasking might be a panacea in time management and allocation of tasks. Unfortunately, this rule works just the opposite. The main problem with multitasking is the overall amount of distractions you make each time you switch to another task. The problem is that you wouldn’t boost your productivity with this technique since it works not as one could perceive from the first glance. Omit it for the sake of time management and overall productivity.

9. Productivity Spot

   This tip is universal to all entrepreneurs all across the globe. All you’ll have to do is to identify and stick to your beloved physical space, which best boosts your productivity and comfort. For some, such a productivity spot might be the office, while others would universally prefer their homes or coworking spaces. Regardless of your choice, just stick to the location where your value-added actions are best seen.

10. Exhale

No, this tip isn’t about breathing techniques. You should always remember that your business idea or entrepreneurial startup should aim for excellence, but not by all means. Regardless of the niche, you’re aiming to capture, no business might become a market leader in just a few weeks. So, if you’re struggling with time management by obsessing yourself with too many tasks regularly, just try reassessing your attitude to long-term success. In most cases, your success will come sooner, but not earlier; so don’t be that overwhelmed and allocate your workloads adequately.

In Conclusion

            In case you strive for excellence and long-term growth of your entrepreneurial project, don’t forget about the aforementioned time management tips. When it comes to vital recommendations and suggestions, the unveiled above top ten tips would definitely assist your endeavors. So, if you’re looking for maximized results in less time, let those time management tools and tips become your habits and norms.

How Many Devices Does Your Connection Go Through Before Reaching a Website?

All of us use the internet extensively in our day to day lives, but few of us really think about how it works on a fundamental level. Understandably, most people assume that the inner workings of the internet are far too complicated for them to understand. Let’s change that, shall we?

Aside from satisfying curiosity, it seems that, given the prominent role that the internet plays in our lives, we should have a better general understanding of how it works. With modern high-speed internet connections, websites and online services load in seconds. This can mask just how much is going on behind the scenes whenever you connect to the internet and leave your homepage.

Requests and Responses

A simplified explanation for how the internet works would be this: you (the client) sends a request to a website (the host). The website sends back a result, which is then displayed in your web browser. This all happens so fast that you might not realize there are several things going on under the hood when you connect to a website.

Most websites consist of a variety of different elements, each of which needs to be requested individually. The underlying code of a webpage, written in HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), tells the browser what it needs to request in order to display the webpage, as well as general instructions on how to display it correctly. This enables dynamic websites that display differently according to the device being used.

Before data is sent back to the client from the host, it is broken up into thousands of packets. Each packet contains a tiny bit of information about the file, which the browser then reassembles. These files can be divided into two categories – assets and code files.

These files contain code that can be written in a number of languages – HTML, CSS, Perl, JavaScript, etc. Assets include images, video, audio, and any other media to be displayed or downloaded.

Servers

Websites that you connect to are hosted on servers. You can think of a server as a big, internet-connected computer. Servers that just need to serve up website data might be quite basic in terms of computing power. However, you can also rent servers that have the specs of a high-end gaming rig.

More complex websites require more powerful servers and websites that experience huge volumes of traffic often utilize multiple servers, with auto-routing protocols directing new users to servers where the load is lightest.

Servers have operating systems installed – usually special versions of Linux or Windows. These operating systems are designed to sit on servers and handle their connections. Think of the operating system as one of those switchboard operators that used to route phone calls. When a client connects to a host server, the operating system knows what to do with the incoming connection.

When the server receives an HTTP request, it knows how to process it and, if successful, return an appropriate response.

Protocols

In order for the client to communicate with the host, they need to both use a common set of protocols. These common protocols ensure that any devices that need to connect to the internet are able to do so. Without this standardization, different parts of the internet would require different software for access. Conversely, different protocols can be used, as in the case with TOR, to create networks that behave differently.

There are two protocols that are fundamental to how the internet works – Hypertext Transfer Protocol, Transmission Control Protocol, and Internet Protocol. Collectively, these are the protocols that allow online devices to communicate with one another.

  • HTTP: This protocol defines a common language for the client and the host to use to talk to one another. Requests that you send to online servers will be in HTTP format.
  • TCP/IP: These communication protocols dictate how data travels across the internet. Specifically, the IP Layer is responsible for directing packets to a specific computer. The TCP Layer is responsible for directing those packets to the right port on the client computer, so they go to the right application.

Domain Name Service

Consider the URL, ‘http://www.example.com/pogs/boglins’. The ‘example.com’ part of the URL contains information about the host’s location and identity. The ‘/pogs/boglins’ part of the address specifies which bit of the website you want to access. You can think of the first part as being like a phone number, which puts you through to a particular business, and the latter part an extension that enables you to connect directly to the right phone.

But computers don’t work with words, they work with numbers. The URL example.com is nice and easy for a human to read, but it’s not what your computer wants. In order to connect to a host, your browser needs to know the IP address of the server you are trying to access.

In order to find the IP address, your browser performs a Domain Name Service (DNS) Lookup. This process is akin to a person looking in the phone book for a telephone number.

When you register a domain name, you are assigned an IP address. So, when example.com is registered, it is added to the domain name registry, along with the associated IP address. When a browser performs a DNS lookup for example.com, it will find the associated IP address of the server where the website is stored and will establish a connection before sending the users’ request.

HTML

The main component of most webpages is an HTML file. This is the source code of the web page; it contains all the instructions a browser needs for displaying the page correctly. It also tells the browser what assets it needs to request from the host.

Each additional asset represents a different request between the client and the host. Sometimes, the HTML code will call for an external script, perhaps a Python or Perl script. Within this script, there may be subsequent calls for other assets. No assets are loaded unless they are requested, however, many web browsers will cache certain elements so that if you visit the page again, you only need to load content that has changed.

Loading a Website

Let’s take a look at how all of those individual components come together when you load a website.

When you click a hyperlink or enter a URL into your web browser, your web browser performs a DNS lookup, which tells it the IP address of the server hosting the website you are requesting. It then establishes a connection with the host using the TCIP/IP protocol.

Once a connection is established, the client sends an HTTP request to the host, either asking for the homepage, or for a specific page or file.

If the client’s request is successful, the host will send the data requested. Before the data is sent back to the client’s web browser, it is broken into packets. The web browser then takes all those individual pieces and puts them together into individual files. Initially, this is usually the HTML source code for the web page, which tells the web browser what assets to request and how to display them. The browser then renders the website you see.

Whenever you connect to a website, there is a lot more going on than it initially seems. Think about how many individual elements make up the websites you used every day. Even though it happens in the blink of an eye, your web browser and the server have to do a lot of communicating.

How to Get a Good Deal on Your Website Hosting

If you have a website which you use for business or if you have a personal website, there is one thing for sure, you have invested heavily in that website whether it be with time or staff time or money. You may have spent a great deal of your hard-earned money employing graphic artists, content writers and so on to have your website ready for use. You, therefore, need it to be hosted in a way that will offer you reliability, service, and efficiency.

Hosting, for those who are unclear, is simply a way of you having your website displayed on the internet for others to see and access. In the same way that you would save your own documents on your computer, a web host will save your website on to their server and then provide access to the internet for all to see and use. The aim, of course, is to have a web hosting service provide you with this service at the best possible cost whilst not compromising on service, not all providers are the same. A reliable provider will make sure that your website has no ‘downtime’, in other words, periods when your site cannot be viewed by others. If you are a business, you will certainly want to have a stable service.

Web hosting should offer you a choice of packages to suit your individual needs and a good provider will be able to work with you as your business grows. Features such as automatic back up, having a free domain or SSL certificate could be important features.

It can be quite an overwhelming experience when you go to search for website hosting options as there are a number of ads for you to work your way through and not all will be offering the level of service or expertise that you need. So, how do you go about getting a good deal on your website hosting? 

Bluehost is a company recommended by WordPress. They offer different types of hosting, so whether it be Shared, VPS or Dedicated hosting services, Bluehost will be able to accommodate your needs. They are a large, leading provider who has been offering hosting services for many years and so comes with a track record. They are well-reviewed from many satisfied customers.

You can access coupon codes in order to be able to get a good deal on their services. 

Bluehost deals are some of the best around and in addition to being well priced, the service is also first class. There are deals to be had on all of their packages and with the versatile nature of what they offer, there will be a package to suit all needs.

Bluehost offers excellent customer support so whether you are a veteran user needing some specialist advice or whether you are a new user starting at the very beginning, the team is always on hand to help with all inquiries. They are experienced, so your call will not be a frustrating experience! You can choose from a number of contact options.

7 Best Ideas to Improve Your Business Website Content

Digital marketing, a.k.a. the art of online promotion, revolves around content. Without content, businesses would not be able to communicate their messages and promote their products. After all, content is information that is packed in specific ways, all depending on the purpose of a business.

Running a business website is simple. Running a successful business website is complicated. Why? Because for a site to be effective, it needs to feature high-quality content. Unfortunately, that type of content doesn’t grow on trees. It costs time, attention, and money.

If you’re a business owner or a website content writer and you’re currently looking to skyrocket the quality of your website content, you’ve landed on the right spot.

In today’s post, I’m sharing several techniques that should help you improve the quality of business website content. No rocket science here, just useful advice that should be tested and implemented!

Speak to Your Customers

High-quality content is simply content that resonates with your target audience. If the information that you pack into articles, podcasts, videos, graphics, or whatever type of media type you decide is absolutely relevant to your prospective customers, you can consider your content highly qualitative.

Speak to your customers. These are the individuals who are already trusting your brand, so they wouldn’t feel harassed if you were to ask them for feedback. Ask them what they like, what they dislike, and what can be improved. Do it manually or leverage surveys.

Make it Visual

Over 80% of digital marketers leverage visual content in their social media campaigns. Over 32% of marketers suggest that visual content is the most important type of content that they’re producing. Surprisingly or not, roughly 80% of internet readers are skimming through content before making a decision to consume it all.

I hope I’ve made my point. Visual content is extremely important and should be an important part of any content marketing campaign you develop and execute. Add relevant images in your articles, use videos when you have to, and link to relevant infographics to summarize a lot of information.

Study Your Competitors

By working as a marketing executive at a leading dissertation help online company, I have discovered that the single best strategy to optimize your content is to pay attention to the competition.

Your competitors are trying their best every day. If you’re an underdog, you clearly have to learn from them. If you’re on top of the ladder, you can still learn from every mistake you discover.

I’d highly suggest you take advantage of competitor analysis tools to study and assess the topics, performances, and influencers that your direct competitors are presenting.

Moreover, pay attention to their website’s design, to how they structure their content, and also to their sales funnel. If a competitor is performing great, become one of their leads by following their email newsletter.

Start with the Benefits

To immediately attract and retain the attention of your readers while crafting blog posts, start by exploring an issue and quickly jump to the potential benefits that the reader can reap if the problem is solved.

Promise that you’re going to help him achieve whatever he needs to achieve (directly or indirectly) and then honor your promise. The first paragraph is extremely important because that’s where readers usually decide if it’s worth continuing.

Improve Your Headlines

When a prospect enters your website, he’ll be immediately looking for short sentences that are supposed to lead him to solutions. When scrolling on social media, users are mainly assessing headlines – if they’re attractive, they click; if they’re not, they skip.

To improve your headlines but also your copy writing material, take advantage of power words. These are simply emotional words that create an immediate emotional reaction. They’re extremely persuasive because they’re immediately spotted by the subconscious minds of the prospects, making it hard not to click.

Use a Conversational Tone

Business content should be fluid and easy-to-digest. If you want to keep your reader hooked, be conversational and add a bit of personality in every piece of content you publish on your site.

Throughout articles, ask questions even though your readers can’t answer. Write like you’d talk to someone face to face. In fact, a good way to make your content conversational is to imagine that you’re speaking to your ideal customer. You can also leverage text-to-speech tools and create your text content without typing.

Proofread Everything You Publish

Lastly yet very importantly, proofread all of your content before publishing. A website that contains errors is not worth trusting.

Takeaways

Content is undoubtedly the most important element that businesses need to constantly upgrade and perfect. Content represents communication, and communication is key to the success of any modern business.

I often advise new entrepreneurs that before worrying on how to create a website, they should worry about what type of content they’ll regularly publish on that website and how will they keep their content’s quality high. Take advantage of today’s tips and tricks and take your business website content to the next level as soon as possible!

4 UX Design Tips to Build Users Trust

UX designers understand the importance of building a site that can not only grab user attention but also gain their trust. Hence, below are a few design tips that will help in building trust:

1. Think Like the Customer:

While building a site, step inside the customer’s shoes and understand if they would trust the website you are building. Firstly, answer the question- do you trust it? You can take the opinion of your family members to understand if they would trust the site.

Adding pop-ups may be a design trend but asking your customers to opt-in as soon as they land on your page is not a great design as they do not even get to understand about what your brand offers to make the decision of engaging with it hence this is not helpful in building the customer trust. Let the customer read about what your brand offers and once they are through to the end of the page, you can prompt them to engage with your brand by adding screen pop-ups.

2. Add Testimonials and Reviews:

Your product may be great, and you must have mentioned that on the site, but potential customers will not believe that unless someone else says the same thing about your brand hence rating and reviews of your product is important to attract new customers. But do not only post your best reviews as that will again cause a sense of doubt. Even if you have negative reviews, post that with the resolution you gave to the customers. Potential customers also like to see how you handle dissatisfied customers.

3. Use Personalized Images:

Adding images from stock media does not really look very professional as every blogger also does that hence hire a photographer for a day and get a photoshoot done which will be more relevant to the company and people can connect more with the brand as they can tell the difference.

4. Be Transparent:

Another trust factor which is important for your audience to engage with the site is site security. By asking your users to engage, you are asking them to enter their personal data which they will be skeptical of giving you until they are sure your site is secure hence create a privacy page which explains where you are going to use the user data and how do you protect your data privacy. Also, include the third parties that would be using the user’s data. If you are using analytics to track user behavior, mention that as well. Allow the users to also opt-out from your list easily whenever they wish to, this will develop their trust in your brand.

Conclusion:

Conversion is only possible when your audience can trust you and it is not an easy task to gain their trust. And with an increase in the number of frauds and data breach, a customer trusting your brand becomes that much tricky hence run targeted campaigns and use your existing customer experiences to bring in new customers. A website which is transparent, honest and gives a good user experience is a stepping-stone to gain users trust.